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New insights into invertebrate evolution

Informacje ogólne

Kod przedmiotu: WB.SD.VP-4 Kod Erasmus / ISCED: (brak danych) / (brak danych)
Nazwa przedmiotu: New insights into invertebrate evolution
Jednostka: Instytut Zoologii i Badań Biomedycznych
Grupy:
Punkty ECTS i inne: (brak)
Język prowadzenia: angielski

Zajęcia w cyklu "Semestr letni 2019/2020" (zakończony)

Okres: 2020-02-24 - 2020-06-14
Wybrany podział planu:


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Typ zajęć: Wykład, 14 godzin, 6 miejsc więcej informacji
Koordynatorzy: Łukasz Michalczyk
Prowadzący grup: Reinhardt Møbjerg Kristensen
Lista studentów: (nie masz dostępu)
Zaliczenie: Przedmiot - Zaliczenie
Efekty kształcenia:

Student understands the concept of the ‘Tree of Life’, is able to describe the diversity at the highest taxonomic ranks of Invertebrata, and understands the “Darwin’s dilemma”.


Skills

Student is able to:

• identify the 35 animal phyla in the newest cladistic approach and comment on morphological as well as molecular evidence supporting the recognition of these major entities;

• explain why life without oxygen in the deep sea is so interesting in the light of recent findings;

• explain why tardigrades could survive in space and how the experiment was designed and what are the possible future directions for astrobiological studies;

• explain why the submarine columns of ikaite tufa in Greenland will disappear – and why the life inside the ikaite pillars is so unique and diverse;

• name and understand current microscopy techniques used in modern zoology.


Social competence and attitude

Student can:

• communicate the scientific questions to be asked, justify and explain the connection between the newest results of morphological investigations within the Animal Kingdom with molecular data;

• name and understand essential mechanisms of animal evolution, scheme of the body plan and adaptations to environment;

• appreciate the importance of rigorous and ethical approaches to global warming and why Greenland is so central in the discussion.


Wymagania wstępne:

Theoretical knowledge of “The Animal Kingdom” and the “Global warming” in Greenland at the basic level:

• understanding basic concepts of what a phylum is;

• basic knowledge of geological timescale in relation to evolution of life;

• basic understanding of global warming.

Forma i warunki zaliczenia:

80% attendance and completing homework

Assessment methods and criteria for this course: evaluation of short homework exercises

Metody sprawdzania i kryteria oceny efektów kształcenia uzyskanych przez studentów:

Evaluation of short homework exercises

Bilans punktów ECTS:

1 ECTS point

14 contact hours plus 10 hours self-study


Pełny opis:

Seminar: “How to describe three new phyla of the Animal Kingdom”

Lecture 1 for PhD Students: “Invertebrate phylogeny in the light of the three new phyla: Loricifera, Cycliophora and Micrognathozoa”

Lecture 2 for PhD Students: “Darwin’s dilemma and invertebrate evolution solved by new meiofauna fossils”

Lecture 3 for PhD Students: “Climate change seen over 40 years research in Arctic: From meiofauna to bowhead whale migrations”

Lecture 4 for PhD Students: “Water bears (Tardigrada) from radioactive springs to ice cap of Greenland”

Consultations for PhD Students: Demonstrations of slides. How to collect microinvertebrates and prepare them for LM (light microscopy), SEM (scanning electron microscopy) and TEM (trans-mission electron microscopy. How to do fieldwork in Greenland

Literatura:

Giribet, G. & Edgecombe, G. D. (2020) The Invertebrate Tree of Life. Priceton University Press, Priceton and Oxford. pp. 589.

References

Buchardt, B., Seaman, P., Stockmann, G., Vous, M., Wilken, U., Düwel, L., Kristiansen, Aa., Jenner, C., Whiticar, M.J., Kristensen, R.M., Petersen, G.H. & Thorbjørn, L. (1997) Towers of tufa. Submarine columns of ikaite tufa. Nature 390: 129–130.

Danovaro, R., Dell’Anno, A., Pusceddu, A., Gambi, C., Heiner, I., Kristensen, R. M. (2010) The first metazoa living in permanently anoxic conditions. BMC Biology 8: 30.

Dunn, C. W., Hejnol, A., Matus, D. Q., Pang, K., Browne, W. E., Smith, S. A., Seaver, E., Rouse, G.W., Obst, M., Edgecombe, G. D., Sørensen, M. V., Haddock, S. H. D., Schmidt-Rhaesa, A., Okuso, A., Kristensen, R. M., Wheeler, W. C., Martindale, M. Q. & Giribet, G. (2008) Broad phylogenomic sampling improves resolution of the animal tree of life. Nature 452: 745–749.

Edgecombe, G.D; Giribet, G., Dunn, C.W., Hejnol, A., Kristensen R.M. Neves, R.C., Rouse, G.W., Worsaae, K. Sørensen, M.V. (2011) Higher-level metazoan relationships: recent progress and remaining questions. Organisms Diversity & Evolution 11: 151–172.

Funch, P. & Kristensen, R.M. (1995): Cycliophora is a new phylum with affinities to Entoprocta and Ectoprocta. Nature 378: 711–714.

Harvey, T. H.P. & Butterfield, N.J. (2017) Exceptionally preserved Cambrian loriciferans and the early animal invasion of the meiobenthos. Nature Ecology & Evolution 1: 0022.

Kristensen, R.M. (1982) The first record of cyclomorphosis in Tardigrada based on a new genus and species from Arctic meiobenthos. - Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 20(4): 249–270.

Kristensen, R.M. (1983) Loricifera, a new phylum with Aschelminthes characters from the meiobenthos. Zeitschrift für Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionsforschung 21: 163–180.

Kristensen, R.M. (2017) Palaeontology. Darwin’s dilemma dissolved. Ne

Uwagi:

W związku z pandemią kurs WB.SD.VP-4 zostaje zawieszony do odwołania.

20 April 2020 - 24 April 2020

ul. Gronostajowa 9

Instytut Zoologii i Badań Biomedycznych

Opisy przedmiotów w USOS i USOSweb są chronione prawem autorskim.
Właścicielem praw autorskich jest Uniwersytet Jagielloński w Krakowie.